Cancer Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What causes cancer?

Cancer is caused by changes in genes that lead to uncontrolled cell growth and division.

What is a tumour?

A lump of cells formed by uncontrolled cell growth.

What are benign tumours?

Benign tumours grow slowly within a membrane, do not invade other parts of the body, and are not cancerous.

What are malignant tumours?

Malignant tumours grow rapidly, invade neighbouring tissues, spread through the bloodstream, and are classified as cancer cells.

What is metastasis?

The process by which malignant tumours spread and form secondary tumours.

What are carcinogens?

Substances that can cause cancer, such as UV radiation and cigarette smoke.

How can lifestyle choices increase cancer risk?

Choices like smoking, excessive UV exposure, and alcohol consumption can increase cancer risk.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up