Carbohydrates Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What elements do carbohydrates contain?

Carbohydrates contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

What is a monosaccharide? Give examples.

A monosaccharide is a simple sugar, examples include glucose, fructose and galactose.

What happens when two monosaccharides join together?

Enzymes join two monosaccharides to form a disaccharide, such as maltose, lactose or sucrose.

What is the general formula for disaccharides?

The general formula for disaccharides is C12H22O11.

What are polysaccharides and give examples?

Polysaccharides are long chains of monosaccharide units. Examples include starch, glycogen and cellulose.

What do carbohydrase enzymes do?

Carbohydrase enzymes break down disaccharides and polysaccharides into monosaccharides.

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