Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the basic building block of all living things?

The Cell

What are organelles?

Specialised structures inside cells that carry out particular tasks.

What defines eukaryotic cells?

Eukaryotic cells have their genetic information enclosed within a nucleus.

How do the sizes of eukaryotic cells compare to prokaryotic cells?

Eukaryotic cells are typically 10-100 μm in diameter, while prokaryotic cells are less than 1 μm in size.

Where is genetic material found in prokaryotic cells?

In a single loop of DNA in the cytoplasm, sometimes with additional plasmids.

What are flagella?

Tail-like structures that help some prokaryotic cells move around.

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