Plant Cells Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the unique structures found in plant cells but not in animal cells?

Chloroplasts, a cell wall made of cellulose, and a large permanent vacuole.

What is the function of chloroplasts in plant cells?

Chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis and contain chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy.

What does the plant cell wall do?

The cell wall, made of cellulose, strengthens and supports the cell and defines its shape.

What is the purpose of the permanent vacuole in plant cells?

The permanent vacuole helps keep the cell turgid by filling with cell sap and exerting pressure on the cytoplasm, which pushes against the cell wall.

Which structures do plant and animal cells share?

Nucleus, cytoplasm, mitochondria, ribosomes and cell membrane.

How can you identify a plant cell under a light microscope?

By spotting the cell wall, which is unique to plant cells and makes them easy to identify.

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