Proteins and Lipids Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What elements do proteins contain that lipids and carbohydrates do not?

Proteins contain nitrogen and sometimes sulfur.

Name some examples of proteins.

Examples of proteins include enzymes, haemoglobin, insulin and keratin.

What determines the 3D structure and function of a protein?

The sequence of amino acids determines the 3D structure and specific function of a protein.

How many different types of amino acids are there?

There are around 20 different types of amino acids.

What are lipids made up of?

Lipids, including fats and oils, are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

What is the basic unit of a triglyceride?

A triglyceride is made up of one glycerol molecule chemically bonded to three fatty acid chains.

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