Specialised Animal Cells Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the process called when cells become specialised?

Differentiation

What is the main function of red blood cells?

To carry oxygen around the body for aerobic respiration.

What are the main adaptations of red blood cells?

No nucleus, biconcave disc shape, and contain more haemoglobin.

How do nerve cells transmit signals?

Dendrites receive signals and carry them inwards, while axons carry electrical impulses away from the cell body.

What are the key features of sperm cells?

They have a nucleus with genetic information, many mitochondria, an enzyme-filled acrosome, and a long, rotating tail for movement.

What is the function of ciliated epithelial cells and where are they found?

To move particles or fluid over the epithelial surface, found in the lungs and fallopian tubes.

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