Specialised Plant Cells Flashcards

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  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the three main structures found in plant cells?

Chloroplasts, permanent vacuole and cellulose cell wall.

What is the function of root hair cells?

To increase the surface area for absorption of water and mineral ions.

What are two key adaptations of root hair cells?

Thin cell wall for easy water passage and no chloroplasts because they are underground.

What is the role of guard cells in plant cells?

To control the opening and closing of stomata, allowing gas exchange and controlling water loss.

What is the main function of xylem cells?

To transport water and dissolved mineral ions from roots to leaves.

What are the two types of cells that make up the phloem, and their functions?

Vessel cells transport dissolved sugars and amino acids; companion cells provide energy for this transport.

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