Stem Cells and Differentiation Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is a stem cell?

An undifferentiated cell that has not undergone differentiation and can become a specialised cell.

What is differentiation in cells?

The process by which an unspecialised cell becomes a specialised cell.

What are embryonic stem cells?

Cells in an early-stage embryo capable of differentiating into any type of body cell.

What are adult stem cells and where can they be found?

Stem cells found in adults that can differentiate into related cells. They can be found in the brain, bone marrow, blood vessels, skin and teeth.

What are meristem cells?

Stem cells in plants found in root tips and shoot tips where cells are rapidly dividing.

What is the function of stem cells in adults?

To replace cells in tissues destroyed by accidents or disease, and to replenish dying cells and repair damaged tissues.

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