Adaptations Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the three types of adaptations organisms can have to survive and reproduce in their environments?

Structural, behavioural and functional adaptations.

What is a structural adaptation? Provide an example.

Structural adaptations are physical features that give an organism a survival advantage.

For example, foxes in warm regions have long ears and a wide body surface to increase heat loss.

What is a behavioural adaptation? Provide an example.

Behavioural adaptations are the ways an organism behaves or acts to give it a survival advantage.

For example, some birds migrate to warmer regions during winter.

What is a functional adaptation? Provide an example.

Functional adaptations are internal processes or systems that give an organism a survival advantage.

For example, camels store fat in their humps, which they can break down for energy.

What are extremophiles and where can they be found?

Extremophiles are organisms adapted to live in extreme environments, such as areas with very high or low temperatures, high pressures, or high salt concentrations.

An example is the giant tube worm found near deep-sea hydrothermal vents.

How do chameleons use functional adaptation to avoid predators?

Chameleons change colour based on their environment and scenario, allowing them to camouflage and blend into their surroundings to avoid detection by predators.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up