Biodiversity Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variety of all species of organisms on Earth, including the genetic diversity within each species and the variety of ecosystems.

Why is high biodiversity important for an ecosystem?

High biodiversity makes an ecosystem more stable and less dependent on any single species, reducing the impact if a species dies out.

How does deforestation affect biodiversity?

Deforestation can lead to the loss of unique species and disrupt the interconnected web of life, affecting species that rely on each other for survival.

Give an example of how pollution affects biodiversity.

Air pollution can damage plants and harm the respiratory systems of animals, making it harder for them to survive.

What are invasive species and how do they impact biodiversity?

Invasive species outcompete native species for resources, leading to the decline or extinction of native species and disrupting ecosystems.

Name a method humans use to maintain biodiversity.

Establishing protected areas like national parks and wildlife reserves helps preserve habitats and prevent harmful human activities.

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