Global Warming and Climate Change Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are greenhouse gases?

Greenhouse gases absorb the Sun’s infrared radiation, trapping it in the Earth’s atmosphere. Main greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, methane, water vapour, nitrous oxides and CFCs.

How does the greenhouse effect work?

The greenhouse effect traps heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. The Sun’s heat is absorbed by the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface, then radiated back, but greenhouse gases trap most of this heat, warming the atmosphere.

What causes the build-up of greenhouse gases?

Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels (produces CO2) and raising cattle (releases methane). This increases greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

What is global warming?

Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s surface due to the enhanced greenhouse effect from increased greenhouse gases.

What are the consequences of global warming?

Global warming leads to climate change, causing extreme weather events, changing global weather patterns, and rising sea levels, which reduce habitats and resources.

How do rising sea levels affect the environment?

Rising sea levels, caused by melting ice and expanding seawater, lead to seasonal flooding and decrease the number of available habitats for organisms.

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