Organisation of Ecosystems Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is a species?

A species is a group of similar organisms that can breed together and produce fertile offspring.

What defines a population in an ecosystem?

A population consists of individuals of the same species that live in a specific area at the same time.

What is a community in ecological terms?

A community is a group of populations belonging to two or more species that live and interact with each other in the same area.

How is an ecosystem defined?

An ecosystem is a biological community of organisms that interact with each other and their physical environment, including both abiotic (non-living) and biotic (living) components.

What is an adaptation?

An adaptation is a characteristic that helps an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment.

What resources might animals and plants compete for?

Animals may compete for food, water, space and mating partners. Plants may compete for light, water, space and mineral ions.

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