Antibiotics Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are antibiotics and how do they work?

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacterial infections by killing bacteria or slowing their growth and spread.

Why can’t antibiotics treat viral diseases?

Antibiotics target structures and processes specific to bacteria, which viruses do not have, making them ineffective against viral diseases.

What is antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria evolve to survive exposure to antibiotics, making them harder to treat.

How can we reduce antibiotic resistance?

Use specific antibiotics for specific bacteria, complete prescribed courses, avoid using antibiotics for viral infections, isolate patients with resistant bacteria, and limit antibiotic use in agriculture.

What did Alexander Fleming discover in 1928?

Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, the first antibiotic, which prevented bacterial growth around penicillium mould on a petri dish.

What are painkillers and how do they differ from antibiotics?

Painkillers relieve symptoms without treating the cause of the disease, unlike antibiotics, which target the bacteria causing the infection.

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