Communicable Diseases Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are abnormal conditions caused by pathogens that can be transferred from one person to another.

What are pathogens?

Pathogens are microorganisms that cause disease, including viruses, bacteria, protists and fungi.

How do viruses replicate?

Viruses require a host cell to survive and reproduce. They reprogram the host cell’s machinery to produce viral proteins and genetic material, creating new virus copies.

What is a key characteristic of protists?

Protists are eukaryotic organisms with a nucleus, and some are parasitic, reducing the nutrients that the host can absorb.

How do fungi infections typically start?

Fungal infections usually start in the lungs or on the skin, as fungi reproduce through spores found in the air and soil.

What is the incubation period?

The incubation period is the time between infection and the appearance of symptoms, which can last from several hours to several years depending on the pathogen.

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