Effects of Lifestyle Factors on Non-communicable Diseases Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are non-communicable diseases and give examples?

Non-communicable diseases cannot be transferred between individuals and are usually genetic or lifestyle-related.

Examples include cardiovascular disease, asthma and diabetes.

What is a risk factor and its significance?

A risk factor is something that increases the chance of developing a disease. It can be related to lifestyle, substances in the body, or the environment.

Correlation with a disease does not always mean causation.

How does high alcohol intake affect liver health?

High alcohol intake can lead to liver disease, including fatty liver disease, liver cancer, and impaired liver function.

Recommended weekly alcohol allowance is 14 units, spread over 3 or more days.

How does smoking affect lung health?

Smoking increases the risk of COPD, bronchitis, pneumonia and lung cancer. Tar can cause lung cancer, and nicotine can cause high blood pressure and heart failure.

What lifestyle changes can improve cardiovascular health?

Reducing saturated fat, maintaining a healthy BMI, regular exercise, reducing salt intake, and managing stress levels can improve cardiovascular health.

What is obesity and its health risks?

Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat, leading to cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and Type 2 diabetes.

Reducing processed foods, sugar, saturated fat, and high-calorie foods can lower obesity risk.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up