Health and Disease Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is health?

Health is the complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and it falls on a spectrum with varying degrees of healthiness.

What factors affect an individual’s health?

Exercise, sleep, balanced diet, access to healthcare and stress levels all affect health.

What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are caused by pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites) and can be passed from one person to another.

Examples include the common cold and chickenpox.

What are non-communicable diseases?

Non-communicable diseases are not caused by pathogens and cannot be spread between people. They tend to be long-lasting.

Examples include asthma, coronary heart disease and diabetes.

How can different types of diseases interact with each other?

Diseases can interact, leading to compounded health issues.

For example, a weakened immune system increases the risk of infections, and mental illness can lead to physical health problems and poor lifestyle choices.

How can mental illness affect physical health?

Mental illness can weaken the immune system, lead to poor lifestyle choices like neglecting sleep and hygiene, and increase susceptibility to other diseases.

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