Vaccination and Immunisation Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is vaccination?

Vaccination introduces small quantities of dead or inactive forms of a pathogen to stimulate the production of antibodies and memory cells without causing disease.

What is the difference between vaccination and immunisation?

Vaccination is the act of receiving a vaccine, while immunisation is the process of becoming immune through vaccination.

What are the advantages of vaccinations?

Advantages include reduced infection rates, lower healthcare costs, strict safety testing, and prevention of epidemics through herd immunity.

What is herd immunity?

Herd immunity occurs when a large portion of the population is vaccinated, reducing the spread of disease and protecting unvaccinated individuals.

What are the types of immunity?

Active immunity comes from the immune system producing antibodies, either naturally or through vaccines. Passive immunity comes from receiving antibodies directly.

What are the disadvantages of vaccinations?

Disadvantages include rare side effects, inconvenience of booster injections, potential pain, and the possibility that it may not guarantee protection.

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