Contraception Flashcards

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  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is contraception and why is it used?

Contraception refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Some methods also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

How do hormonal methods of contraception work?

Hormonal methods use hormones like oestrogen and progesterone to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus, stopping sperm from reaching the egg.

Examples include the combined pill, progesterone-only pill, skin patch, implant, injection, and intrauterine device (IUD).

What are some examples of non-hormonal methods of contraception?

Non-hormonal methods include condoms (male and female), diaphragms, spermicidal agents, surgical sterilisation, natural methods and abstinence.

What are the benefits and challenges of using a skin patch, implant, or injection for contraception?

These methods release progesterone slowly, inhibiting egg maturation and release, and do not require daily attention. However, they may cause side effects like mood swings, weight gain, and changes in blood pressure.

How do condoms prevent pregnancy and STIs?

Condoms, worn over the penis or inside the vagina during intercourse, prevent sperm from entering the vagina and protect against sexually transmitted infections.

What is the difference between surgical sterilisation in males and females?

In males, a vasectomy involves cutting and tying the sperm ducts to prevent sperm from leaving the penis.

In females, the fallopian tubes are cut or tied to prevent eggs from travelling from the ovaries to the uterus.

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