Kidney Transplants Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is a kidney transplant?

A kidney transplant is a procedure where a damaged kidney is replaced with a kidney from an organ donor, offering a long-term solution for kidney failure.

What are the main challenges of kidney transplants?

The main challenges are the risk of organ rejection due to different antigens on donor kidney cells and the need for lifelong immunosuppressant drugs to prevent rejection, which increases infection risk.

What is tissue typing and why is it important for kidney transplants?

Tissue typing ensures the donor kidney’s antigens closely match the patient’s antigens to reduce the risk of organ rejection. It can lead to long waiting times for a suitable match.

What role do immunosuppressant drugs play in kidney transplants?

Immunosuppressant drugs suppress the immune system to prevent it from attacking the transplanted kidney, reducing the risk of organ rejection but increasing the risk of infections.

What are the advantages of kidney transplants over dialysis?

Kidney transplants allow patients to lead a more normal life with fewer dietary restrictions and are cost-effective for healthcare systems in the long run.

What are the disadvantages of kidney transplants?

The disadvantages include the need for lifelong immunosuppressant drugs, the shortage of organ donors causing delays, the average lifespan of the transplanted kidney being 8-9 years, and the inherent risks associated with surgery.

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