Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that elevates blood sugar levels.

What is Type 1 diabetes and how is it treated?

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. It is treated by monitoring blood sugar levels and injecting insulin.

How can individuals with Type 1 diabetes control their blood glucose levels?

They should follow a balanced diet, focusing on foods that don’t cause large blood sugar spikes, and exercise regularly to help reduce blood sugar levels.

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body’s cells become resistant to insulin produced by the pancreas, leading to high blood glucose levels.

How is Type 2 diabetes managed?

Type 2 diabetes is managed through regular exercise and a carbohydrate-controlled diet to maintain healthy blood glucose levels.

What is the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and Type 2 diabetes?

There is a strong correlation between high BMI and the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance, with obesity being a major risk factor.

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