Using Hormones to Treat Infertility Flashcards

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What is infertility and what are some common causes?

Infertility occurs when the male or female reproductive system is unable to achieve pregnancy naturally.

Causes include problems with ovulation, poor semen quality, and blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.

What hormones are involved in the process of ovulation?

FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone) causes an egg to mature in the ovaries

LH (Luteinising Hormone) stimulates the release of the egg, known as ovulation.

How do fertility drugs help in treating infertility?

Fertility drugs contain FSH and LH, which help mature eggs and stimulate ovulation, increasing the chances of becoming pregnant after sexual intercourse.

What is In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)?

IVF is a fertility treatment where eggs are collected from the mother, fertilised with the father’s sperm in a lab, and the resulting embryos are implanted into the mother’s uterus.

What are the advantages of IVF?

Advantages of IVF include allowing couples to have their own children, the use of donated eggs or sperm, and unused eggs can be used for research or donated.

What are the disadvantages of IVF?

Disadvantages include emotional and physical stress, lower success rates requiring multiple cycles, higher likelihood of multiple births, ethical concerns about unused embryos, and high costs.

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