Cloning Plants Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the two ways plants can reproduce?

Plants can reproduce asexually, producing genetically identical offspring, or sexually, producing genetically different offspring.

Why might sexual reproduction be advantageous for plants?

Sexual reproduction can lead to offspring with genetic variation, making them better adapted to changing environments.

What is cloning in the context of plant reproduction?

Cloning is the process of asexually reproducing plants to produce genetically identical offspring, known as clones.

What is one simple method for cloning plants?

Taking cuttings involves cutting a part of the plant and planting it in fertile compost to grow a genetically identical new plant.

What is tissue culture, also known as micropropagation?

Tissue culture is a method of cloning plants by growing small pieces of plants (explants) in sterile agar jelly with nutrients and hormones to produce many plants simultaneously.

What are the benefits and challenges of tissue culture compared to cuttings?

Tissue culture allows cloning of a large number of plants simultaneously but is more costly and requires sterile conditions to prevent microorganism interference.

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