Genetic Engineering Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is genetic engineering (genetic modification)?

Genetic engineering, also known as genetic modification, is the process of modifying an organism’s genome by removing genes from one organism and inserting them into another.

What is recombinant DNA?

Recombinant DNA is DNA that has been formed by combining genetic material from multiple sources, often different species.

What is a genetically modified organism (GMO)?

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism that has received genetic material from another organism through genetic engineering.

What are some uses of GM crops?

GM crops can be made to be resistant to pests, produce bigger and higher quality fruit, be resistant to drought, and withstand specific herbicides.

How is human insulin produced using genetic engineering?

Bacteria are genetically modified by inserting the human insulin gene into them, allowing them to produce insulin which can be purified and used to treat type 1 diabetes.

What are some concerns about genetic modification to treat inherited disorders?

The long-term effects are unknown, and there is concern that modifying specific genes could impact other genes.

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