Selective Breeding Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is selective breeding?

Selective breeding, otherwise known as artificial selection, is the process of choosing and breeding animals and plants with desirable characteristics.

What are the main steps in the selective breeding of animals and plants?

1. Choose the desirable characteristic.

2. Select individuals displaying these qualities.

3. Breed the selected individuals.

4. Select the best offspring for the next generation.

5. Repeat for several generations.

What are some desired traits in plants achieved through selective breeding?

Increased crop yield, disease resistance, higher quality fruits, ability to cope with extreme weather, and specific flower shapes and sizes.

What are some desired traits in animals achieved through selective breeding?

Animals that produce a lot of milk or meat, chickens that lay large eggs, and sheep with high-quality wool.

What are the risks of selective breeding?

Selective breeding can lead to a smaller gene pool, inbreeding, increased susceptibility to diseases, and reproduction of harmful traits (e.g., breathing difficulties in pugs).

How has selective breeding affected domestic dogs?

Selective breeding has resulted in many breeds with distinct characteristics, such as intelligence and size, useful for tasks like hunting.

Domestic dogs have descended from wolves.

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