Sexual and Asexual Reproduction Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the two main ways that organisms can reproduce?

Sexually and asexually.

What is sexual reproduction?

Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of the nuclei of male and female gametes (sex cells) to form a zygote, resulting in genetically different offspring.

What is asexual reproduction?

Asexual reproduction involves only one parent, does not require fertilisation or sex cells, and produces offspring that are identical clones of the parent.

How many chromosomes does a human gamete have?

A human gamete has 23 chromosomes, which is half of the genetic material of a normal human cell.

What type of cell division produces gametes?


How do plants and animals differ in their male gametes?

In animals, the male gamete is the sperm cell, while in plants, the sperm cell is found inside pollen grains.

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