Plant Tissues Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the main function of the leaves in plants?

The main function of leaves is to carry out photosynthesis.

What does the waxy cuticle do?

The waxy cuticle is a protective, waterproof layer that reduces water loss by evaporation.

Why is the upper epidermis of the leaf thin and transparent?

The upper epidermis is thin and transparent to allow light to pass straight through to the palisade mesophyll.

What is the role of the palisade mesophyll in the leaf?

The palisade mesophyll contains tightly packed cells with many chloroplasts where most photosynthesis takes place.

How do guard cells function in the leaf?

Guard cells open and close the stomata by absorbing and losing water, allowing carbon dioxide to diffuse in and oxygen to diffuse out.

How do leaves adapt to efficiently absorb light for photosynthesis?

Leaves have a large surface area, a thin shape for short diffusion distances, and contain chlorophyll to absorb light energy.

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