Character Analysis of Macbeth Flashcards

How does Macbeth’s character change throughout the play?

Macbeth transforms from a brave and respected general to a paranoid and tyrannical king driven by ambition and manipulation. His unchecked ambition leads him to commit multiple murders and ultimately results in his downfall.

What role does Lady Macbeth play in Macbeth’s actions?

Lady Macbeth is a ruthlessly ambitious woman who manipulates Macbeth into killing King Duncan. Her influence and taunts push him to abandon his morals. Overcome by guilt, she eventually descends into madness and dies.

How does Banquo contrast with Macbeth in his reaction to the witches’ prophecies?

Unlike Macbeth, Banquo remains loyal to King Duncan and does not resort to treachery despite the prophecy that his descendants will become kings. He suspects Macbeth of foul play and serves as a moral compass in the play.

What is the significance of the witches in Macbeth?

The witches (Weird Sisters), spark Macbeth’s ambitions with their prophecies. They are mysterious and manipulative, representing supernatural forces and the darker side of the human psyche. Their cryptic prophecies fuel Macbeth’s paranoia and destructive actions.

What drives Macduff to oppose Macbeth?

Macduff, the Thane of Fife, opposes Macbeth’s tyranny and seeks to restore justice in Scotland. He becomes the play’s moral hero, avenging his family’s murder and helping Malcolm become the rightful king.

What does King Duncan’s character symbolise in the play?

King Duncan symbolises kindness, fairness, and the natural order. His murder marks the start of chaos in Scotland and illustrates the catastrophic consequences of Macbeth’s ambition and the corruption of power.

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