Language and Dramatic Techniques in Romeo and Juliet Flashcards

How does Shakespeare use puns in ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

Puns introduce humour and lighten the mood in tense or tragic moments.

For example, Mercutio’s pun as he lies dying, “Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man,” balances tragedy with humour and makes the moment memorable.

What is the effect of rhyming in ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

Rhyming often signals the end of a scene or emphasises important statements.

For example, Juliet’s line, “Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow,” creates a rhythmic and emotional impact, making the dialogue memorable.

How are metaphors used in ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

Metaphors convey deeper meanings and emotions. Romeo and Juliet use religious metaphors to express their love, such as Romeo referring to Juliet as a saint and himself as a pilgrim, indicating their love is pure and divine.

What role do oxymorons play in ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

Oxymorons highlight the complexity of emotions and the play’s themes. Romeo uses oxymorons like “feather of lead” and “cold fire” to express his conflicted feelings about love.

How does dramatic irony enhance the tragedy in ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

Dramatic irony, where the audience knows more than the characters, heightens the sense of tragedy.

For example, the audience knows Juliet’s death is fake, but Romeo believes it to be real, leading to his tragic decision to take his own life.

What is the purpose of the chorus in the prologue of ‘Romeo and Juliet’?

The chorus provides background information and foreshadows the tragic ending, setting a somber tone and giving the audience a sense of inevitability about the unfolding drama.

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