Understanding Macbeth Flashcards

What are the three prophecies given to Macbeth and Banquo by the witches?

• Macbeth will become the Thane of Cawdor.

• Macbeth will become the King of Scotland.

• Banquo will not be king but will father future kings.

What drives Macbeth to murder King Duncan?

Macbeth is driven by the witches’ prophecies and his ambitious wife, Lady Macbeth.

How does Lady Macbeth’s fate unfold?

Wracked with guilt, Lady Macbeth descends into madness and ultimately takes her own life.

What are the witches’ three new prophecies in Act 4?

• Beware of Macduff.

• No man born of a woman can harm Macbeth.

• Macbeth will remain safe until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane.

What leads to Macbeth’s downfall?

Macbeth’s unchecked ambition, paranoia, and the fulfillment of the witches’ prophecies lead to his downfall. He is killed by Macduff.

How is justice restored at the end of the play?

Malcolm, King Duncan’s son, ascends the throne after Macbeth is killed, reinstating justice in Scotland.

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