An Overview of Coastal Processes Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the coast?

The coast is a dynamic zone where the land meets the sea, constantly shaped by both onshore and offshore processes.

What are marine processes?

Marine processes are processes coming from the sea, mainly involving the action of waves, which shape coastlines through erosion, transportation and deposition.

What are terrestrial processes?

Terrestrial processes are processes that come from the land, such as weathering and mass movement, which shape the coastline.

What is erosion and how does it affect the coastline?

Erosion is the wearing away of rock along the coastline by destructive waves through hydraulic action, abrasion, attrition and solution.

How does transportation shape coastal areas?

Transportation moves beach material via solution, suspension, saltation and traction, gradually altering the coastal landscape.

What is mass movement in coastal environments?

Mass movement is the downhill movement of material due to gravity, depositing large amounts of sediment onto the coastline and transforming the area.

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