Erosional Landforms Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What factors influence the features of the UK coastlines?

The features of the UK coastlines are influenced by rock types, wave energy and the climate.

How do headlands and bays form?

Headlands form from hard rock that resists erosion, while bays form from softer rocks like clay and sand that erode more quickly.

What are wave-cut platforms and how do they form?

Wave-cut platforms are wide, gently sloping surfaces at the base of cliffs, formed through the continuous erosion of the cliff base by destructive waves.

How do caves, arches, stacks and stumps form?

These features form through erosion: cracks in headlands widen to form caves, which become arches. The arch collapses to form a stack, and further erosion reduces the stack to a stump.

What are destructive waves and how do they affect the coast?

Destructive waves have high energy and erode the coastline, creating features like cliffs and wave-cut platforms through abrasion and hydraulic action.

What is the difference between cliffs formed from soft rock and hard rock?

Cliffs formed from soft rock erode more quickly, forming gently sloping cliffs, while hard rock cliffs are more resistant to erosion and form steeper cliffs.

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