Factors Influencing Coastal Erosion Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is coastal erosion?

Coastal erosion is the process of land wearing away along the coastline.

This dramatically transforms the landscape over hundreds or thousands of years.

How does rock type influence coastal erosion?

Hard Rock: Such as granite or limestone, resists erosion, slowing down coastal wear.

Soft Rock: Sedimentary rocks like clay or sandstone erode faster, leading to quicker coastal retreat.

What are destructive and constructive waves?

Destructive Waves: High-energy waves that erode coastlines with strong backwash.

Constructive Waves: Lower energy waves that deposit sediment, building up coastal features.

How does fetch affect erosion rates?

Fetch is the distance over which waves travel across open water.

Longer fetches allow waves to gather more energy, leading to increased erosion.

What impact does human activity have on coastal erosion?

Coastal Development: Disrupts sediment flow and alters wave patterns.

Deforestation: Removes natural barriers, increasing vulnerability to erosion.

Sand Mining: Disrupts sediment cycles, reducing natural protection against erosion.

How does climate change influence coastal erosion?

Climate change contributes to rising sea levels and altered weather patterns, increasing erosion rates along vulnerable coastlines and visibly altering landscapes.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up