Introduction to Glacial Processes in the UK Flashcards

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When did the last ice age occur in the UK?

The last ice age in the UK occurred approximately 18,000 years ago.

What are glaciers?

Glaciers are gigantic rivers of ice that move very slowly, formed by the accumulation of snow and ice over many years in cold regions.

How do glaciers form?

Glaciers form when snow accumulates over many years, compressing into ice due to the weight of the layers above, and then slowly flowing downhill due to gravity.

What are glacial lakes?

Glacial lakes are lakes formed when glaciers carve out hollows that later fill with water.

What are moraines?

Moraines are accumulations of dirt and rocks that have been transported and left behind by a glacier.

How do glaciers shape the landscape?

Glaciers shape the landscape through erosion, deposition, transportation, and weathering, carving out valleys and forming unique features.

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