Shaping River Landscapes Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is erosion in the context of rivers?

Erosion is the process through which rivers wear away the riverbed and banks, gradually reshaping the landscape. It involves hydraulic action, abrasion, attrition and solution.

What are the four types of river transportation?

The four types of river transportation are suspension (lighter sediment held in water), saltation (pebbles bouncing along the riverbed), traction (large pebbles rolling on the riverbed), and solution (dissolved chemicals carried by water).

How does deposition occur in rivers?

Deposition occurs when a river loses its energy and releases the sediment it has been carrying, often in shallow water, at the river’s mouth, or when the river’s volume decreases.

What is the long profile of a river?

The long profile of a river refers to the changes in elevation along its course from its source in highland areas, through its upper and lower courses, to its mouth where it meets larger bodies of water.

What are some landforms shaped by river processes?

Landforms shaped by river processes include waterfalls, gorges, meanders, oxbow lakes, levees, floodplains and deltas.

What changes occur in the cross-section of a river from its source to its mouth?

At the source, the cross-section is narrow and shallow with swift water flow. As it flows downstream, it widens and deepens due to vertical and lateral erosion, allowing smoother flow and sediment transport.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up