Understanding the Geology of the UK Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is geology?

Geology is the study and understanding of an area’s solid earth materials (e.g., rocks and minerals) and the processes that have shaped it.

What are the three main types of rocks?

The three main rock types are igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.

How do igneous rocks form, and where are they found in the UK?

Igneous rocks form from molten magma that cools and solidifies.

They are found in mountainous regions like Scotland, Wales, and the North of England.

How do sedimentary rocks form, and where are they found in the UK?

Sedimentary rocks form from compacted and cemented sediment.

They are found widely in the UK, including in the Midland Valley, Pennines, and Peak District.

How do metamorphic rocks form, and where are they found in the UK?

Metamorphic rocks form from pre-existing rocks subjected to high temperatures and pressure.

They are found in the Southern Uplands of Scotland and southwestern England.

What are tors and how do they form?

Tors are unique rock formations of giant boulders, formed from layers of cooled and hardened magma, weathered over millions of years.

They are found in areas like Bodmin and Dartmoor in England.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up