Tropical Storms and Global Atmospheric Circulation Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

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3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

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  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What role does the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) play in tropical storm formation?

The ITCZ is a low-pressure area between two Hadley cells where warm, moisture-rich air rises, leading to the formation of thunderstorms, strong winds and heavy rainfall.

What is the Coriolis effect and how does it influence tropical storms?

The Coriolis effect is caused by Earth’s rotation, making winds curve rather than move straight from high to low pressure. It causes spinning air that can help start tropical storms.

How do trade winds contribute to tropical storm development?

Trade winds blow from the east to the west near the equator, helping to steer the warm, moist air needed for tropical storm formation.

What is the impact of climate change on tropical storms?

Climate change can raise global temperatures, increasing the frequency and intensity of tropical storms by warming more ocean areas above 27°C, which is an important threshold for storm formation.

How might tropical storm distribution change due to climate change?

As ocean temperatures rise due to climate change, tropical storms could become more common in regions that previously did not experience them, spreading the impact of these storms to new areas.

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