Tropical Storms: Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are tropical storms?

Tropical storms are powerful rotating low-pressure systems that form over warm tropical oceans, including hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons. They feature strong winds and heavy rainfall.

Where do tropical storms form and what are they called in different regions?

Tropical storms form over warm tropical oceans between 5° and 30° north and south of the equator.

Hurricanes form over the North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, cyclones over the South Pacific and Indian Ocean, and typhoons over the Northwest Pacific Ocean.

What conditions are required for the formation of tropical storms?

Tropical storms form when the sea surface temperature is at least 27°C (80.6°F), causing warm air to rise rapidly. This creates a low-pressure area, leading to the formation of storm clouds and intense weather.

What is the structure of a tropical storm?

A tropical storm consists of the eye (calm and dry), the eyewall (intense winds and rainfall), and the surrounding rainbands. It features descending cold air in the eye and spiraling winds in the eyewall.

What are the characteristics of tropical storms?

Tropical storms typically last 7 to 14 days, cause heavy rainfall and flooding, have wind speeds exceeding 119 km/h (74 mph), and generate high ocean waves which lead to storm surges.

How do tropical storms vary in size?

Tropical storms can vary greatly in size, with diameters ranging from 100 to 1,000 km (62 to 621 miles).

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up