Energy Resources Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

Why has energy consumption in the UK decreased since 1970 despite population growth?

The decline of industry, adoption of energy-efficient devices, higher energy costs, increased climate awareness, and better home insulation have reduced energy consumption by about 13%.

What is the UK’s energy mix?

The UK’s energy mix includes fossil fuels (oil, coal, gas), renewable energy (wind, solar, hydropower), and nuclear energy.

Over the last 35 years, the use of renewable energy has significantly increased.

What are the main renewable energy sources used in the UK?

Wind, solar, hydropower and geothermal energy are the main renewable sources used in the UK.

In 2022, about 40% of the UK’s electricity came from renewables.

What are the economic impacts of fossil fuels in the UK?

Fossil fuels are becoming economically unsustainable, with reserves predicted to deplete within 30 years. Environmental incidents and health issues from extraction add significant costs. Governments may impose fines for climate change impacts.

Why is nuclear energy considered a temporary solution?

Nuclear energy is efficient and emits no greenhouse gases but relies on finite uranium. It poses risks of catastrophic failures and produces hazardous radioactive waste, making it a temporary solution between fossil fuels and renewables.

What challenges does the UK face with energy security?

The UK imports over 50% of its gas and 11% of its oil, mainly from Norway and Russia. Reliance on foreign energy reduces energy security, making the UK vulnerable to supply disruptions and price increases, such as during the Ukraine War.

You’ve used 10 of your 10 free revision notes for the month

Sign up to get unlimited access to revision notes, quizzes, audio lessons and more

Sign up