Water Resources Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

Why has water use in the UK increased over time?

Increased due to more water-using appliances, greenhouses, production needs, leisure facilities, car washing, and population growth.

What is water stress and where is it most severe in the UK?

Water stress occurs when demand surpasses the available supply.

It’s most severe in the southeast, particularly in London.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of water transfer schemes?

Advantages: Provides water during dry spells, creates jobs, and offers recreational activities.

Disadvantages: High construction costs, environmental impacts, and disruption of ecosystems.

What is the Kielder Reservoir, and why is it important?

A water transfer scheme in Northumberland that supports water supply for northeastern cities, generates hydroelectric power, and boosts local tourism.

Define water surplus, water deficit and water transfer.

Water Surplus: Supply exceeds demand.

Water Deficit: Demand exceeds supply. Water

Transfer: Moving water from surplus to deficit areas.

How does climate change affect water transfer schemes?

Changing rainfall patterns due to climate change can make water transfer schemes ineffective by altering water availability.

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