Demographic Transition Model Flashcards

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  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

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3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What does the demographic transition model (DTM) illustrate?

The DTM illustrates changes in population over time, showing how birth and death rates evolve and affect a country’s overall population, known as natural change.

What characterises Stage One of the DTM?

Stage One has a low population with high birth rates and high death rates, caused by a lack of contraception/family planning and poor sanitation and healthcare.

What happens in Stage Two of the DTM?

In Stage Two, the total population rises rapidly due to high birth rates and decreasing death rates, with improvements in healthcare, lower infant mortality, and better facilities like clean water.

What is significant about Stage Three of the DTM?

In Stage Three, the growth rate slows as the total population continues to increase. Birth rates slow due to contraception and high costs of raising a family, while death rates decrease further due to improved healthcare and hygiene.

What defines Stage Four of the DTM?

Stage Four has a high population increasing slowly with low, fluctuating birth and death rates. Birth rates are low due to accessible birth control and the choice to have fewer children, while death rates are low due to excellent healthcare and diet awareness.

What occurs in Stage Five of the DTM?

In Stage Five, the population begins to decline as the death rate exceeds the birth rate. Birth rates are low due to family planning and career aspirations, while death rates remain low but higher than the declining birth rate.

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