Development of Transport Infrastructure Flashcards

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  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

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3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the role of the Department for Transport in the UK?

The Department for Transport oversees investments in transport infrastructure, including roads, ports, rail systems, and airports.

They aim to serve the evolving industrial structure of the country.

What are some key projects in the 2014 ‘Road Investment Strategy’?

The strategy includes 100 new road schemes by 2020, 1,300 new lane miles added to motorways and major roads, and the construction of ‘smart motorways’ like the southwest superhighway project between Basingstoke and Exeter.

What are some notable railway improvements in the UK?

Notable improvements include the London Crossrail project introducing the Elizabeth Line, the High Speed 2 (HS2) route, and the electrification of the Trans-Pennine Railway to reduce travel time in Northern England.

How significant are ports to the UK’s economy?

The UK’s ports handle 95% of its imports and exports, employ almost 120,000 people, and the Liverpool 2 project has doubled container capacity, creating thousands of jobs for the local economy.

What economic impact do UK airports have?

Airports account for 3.4% of the UK economy, handle over 200 million passengers annually, provide thousands of jobs, and create vital global connections for trade and the movement of people.

What is the proposed third runway at Heathrow Airport and its expected impact?

The proposed third runway at Heathrow Airport would cost £18.6bn, create thousands of jobs, and significantly increase economic impact, but also increase pollution and place further strain on resources.

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