The Brandt Line and the World Bank Classification Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What are the main indicators of a country’s level of development?

Economic, cultural, social and technological advancements indicate a country’s higher level of development.

What was the purpose of the Brandt Line, and how has its relevance changed?

The Brandt Line divided the world into the ‘rich North’ and ‘poor South’.

Its relevance has changed as many countries no longer fit the simple classification of ‘poor’.

What is the World Bank, and what is part of its purpose?

The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to countries with less advanced economies to help them reach development targets.

How does the World Bank classify countries based on Gross National Income (GNI) per capita?

The World Bank classifies countries into:

• Low Income Countries (LICs): GNI per capita of $1,045 or less
• Medium Income Countries (MICs): GNI per capita between $1,045 and $12,695
• High Income Countries (HICs): GNI per capita above $12,696

What is Gross National Income (GNI)?

GNI is the total domestic and international income earned by residents of a country, divided by the population. It represents the average income of a country’s residents.

Why is measuring development levels complex?

Measuring development levels is complex because it relies on various factors and data, and the criteria for categorisation are evolving.

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