Characteristics of a Tropical Rainforest Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

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  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

Where are tropical rainforests (TRFs) located?

Tropical rainforests are located between 15° North and 15° South of the Equator, mainly found in Central and South America, Central Africa and Indo-Malaysia.

Why are TRFs found near the equator?

TRFs are found near the equator because the area receives the highest amount of sunlight and heat, causing hot air to rise and leading to consistently warm, wet weather.

What are the main layers of a tropical rainforest?

The main layers of a tropical rainforest are the Forest Floor, Shrub Layer, Under Canopy, Main Canopy and Emergents.

What is the canopy in a tropical rainforest?

The canopy is a dense layer of leaves and trees around 30 metres high that blocks sunlight from reaching lower levels and contains about 50% of the rainforest’s wildlife.

What is leaching in the context of TRFs?

Leaching is the process by which water percolates through the soil, dissolving and carrying away nutrients, often due to significant rainfall.

Define “Equator.”

The equator is an imaginary horizontal line that is an equal distance from both poles, dividing the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres at latitude 0°.

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