Hot Deserts: Thar Desert Case Study Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

Where is the Thar Desert located?

The Thar Desert is located in northwest India and southeast Pakistan. It is the most densely populated hot desert in the world, with 83 people per square kilometre.

What are some development opportunities in the Thar Desert?

Development opportunities include:

• Farming: Indira Gandhi Canal enables commercial farming of wheat and cotton.
• Energy: Solar panels and wind turbines generate electricity.
• Mining: Extraction of minerals like limestone, gypsum, phosphorite, and marble.
• Tourism: Desert safaris and camel treks are popular.

What development challenges are there in the Thar Desert?

Development challenges include:

• Inaccessibility: Limited road networks and issues with melting tarmac and blowing sand.
• Temperatures: Summer temperatures can exceed 50°C, slowing down activities.
• Water Supply: Limited annual rainfall (120-240 mm) and water scarcity issues.

How is water managed in the Thar Desert?

Water is managed using natural ponds called tobas, building settlements near rivers, and irrigation systems like the Indira Gandhi Canal.

Management must be careful due to low rainfall and potential climate change impacts.

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming is the practice of growing only enough food to feed oneself and one’s family.

What is the purpose of solar panels and desalination in the Thar Desert?

Solar panels convert sunlight into electrical energy, and desalination removes salt from water to make it suitable for drinking and irrigation. These methods help address energy and water scarcity issues in the desert.

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