How Plants and Animals Adapt to Cold Environments Flashcards

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  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

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3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What does interdependency mean in cold environments?

Interdependency means that the abiotic (non-living) and biotic (living) components rely on each other for survival. A change in one component leads to changes in others.

How does climate change affect polar bears in cold environments?

Climate change melts the ice that polar bears rely on for hunting and breeding, threatening their way of life and survival.

What is the role of phytoplankton in Antarctica’s food chain?

Phytoplankton are producers in Antarctica that support the entire food web. Without them, the food web would collapse, affecting many species.

How have plants in the tundra adapted to survive?

Tundra plants have shallow roots, hairy stems, quick growth cycles, small sizes to withstand winds, and can become dormant in winter.

How have animals adapted to cold environments?

Animals have developed insulation, hibernation, migration, burrowing and camouflage to survive extreme temperatures and conditions.

What is permafrost and why is it significant in cold environments?

Permafrost is a thick layer of soil that remains frozen year-round. It affects plant root depth and nutrient availability in cold environments.

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