Interaction Between Abiotic and Biotic Components Flashcards

1️⃣ Familiarise yourself with the flashcards:

  • Look through all the flashcards to see what’s on both sides.
  • Make sure you understand the information on each card. If something’s unclear, click the link to the revision notes at the bottom of the page for more details.

2️⃣ Test yourself:

  • Look at the question or prompt on each card and try to remember the answer before flipping it over.
  • Check the answer and make a note of any cards you find challenging and need to go over more.

3️⃣ Consistently Review and Practice:

  • Use spaced repetition: spend more time on the cards you struggle with and go over them more often.
  • Regularly review all the flashcards to help you better understand and retain the information over time.

Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is interdependence in an ecosystem?

Interdependence is when biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components of an ecosystem depend on each other.

Changing one component can significantly impact the rest of the ecosystem.

What are the roles in a food chain?

• Producers: Plants that convert sunlight into energy through photosynthesis.
• Primary Consumers: Herbivores or omnivores that eat producers.
• Secondary Consumers: Omnivores or carnivores that eat primary consumers.
• Tertiary Consumers: Omnivores or carnivores that eat secondary consumers.
• Decomposers: Organisms like fungi and bacteria that break down organic matter.

What is a food chain?

A food chain shows how energy transfers from one biotic component to another, starting with the sun as the energy source, and moving from producers to various levels of consumers and decomposers.

What is a food web?

A food web is a complex system of interconnected food chains in an ecosystem, showing how various plants and animals feed on each other and illustrating their interdependence.

What happens if a species is removed from a food web?

Removing a species can cause dramatic changes, such as overpopulation of its prey and decline of its predators. This disrupts the balance of the ecosystem, affecting many other species.

Define photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen, providing energy for growth and sustaining the ecosystem.

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