Urban Change in Newly Emerging Economies: Case Studies Flashcards

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Note: We may include questions that have multiple correct answers. It’s useful to remember specific examples to understand these concepts better.

What is the importance of Rio de Janeiro to Brazil?

Rio de Janeiro is a major economic centre, a transport hub, and a tourist hotspot, attracting 2 million tourists annually. It also hosts important cultural events like the world-famous Carnivals.

What causes urban growth in Rio de Janeiro?

Urban growth in Rio is caused by high migration rates and a natural increase in population due to a high birth rate and low death rate.

What are favelas and why do they form?

Favelas are informal settlements in Rio formed due to massive inequality, high migration, and insufficient housing.

Rocinha is the largest favela, housing about 100,000 people.

What challenges does Rio face due to its rapid growth?

Rio faces challenges such as massive inequality, poor living conditions in favelas, lack of public services, and issues with electricity and sanitation.

What was the Favela Bairro Project?

The Favela Bairro Project aimed to improve living conditions in Rio’s favelas by providing essential services, safer housing, sanitation, and legal land ownership.

What were the successes and failures of the Favela Bairro Project?

Successes included better sanitation, medical access, and law enforcement.

Failures included delays, incomplete work, and lack of community services after the project’s completion.

What are Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs)?

NEEs are countries that are rapidly growing and industrialising, transitioning from mainly rural to increasingly urban societies.

What are the common challenges faced by NEEs during urbanisation?

Challenges include managing rapid population growth, providing adequate housing and infrastructure, controlling pollution, and addressing social inequalities.

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