Urban Growth: Causes and Impacts on Less Developed Countries Flashcards

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What causes urban growth?

Urban growth is caused by natural increase (more births than deaths) and migration (people moving into urban areas due to push and pull factors).

What are push and pull factors in migration?

Push factors drive people away from an area, such as high housing costs and overcrowding.

Pull factors attract people to an area, like better job opportunities and improved living conditions.

What challenges arise from rapid urban growth in LICs and NEEs?

Challenges include insufficient infrastructure, health risks due to overcrowding, social instability, and the development of squatter settlements and mega-slums.

What are squatter settlements?

Squatter settlements are informal areas with inadequate housing, sanitation, and energy, often found in rapidly growing urban areas.

They are known by various names like favelas or shanty towns.

How do governments promote urbanisation?

Governments promote urbanisation to collect more taxes from increased business profits, attract international corporations, and generate funds to improve urban areas.

What are mega-slums?

Mega-slums are large, overcrowded areas within megacities, lacking adequate services and posing challenges like pollution, disease, and high crime rates.

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