Urbanisation in the UK: An Overview Flashcards

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Where is the UK’s population most densely distributed?

The UK’s population is most densely distributed in the southeast of England, particularly in major cities like London, due to fast economic growth.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect population distribution in the UK?

The Industrial Revolution led to rapid population growth and urbanisation in cities near mineral deposits, such as Newcastle, and increased urban centres’ population densities.

What factors influence population density in the UK?

Population density in the UK is influenced by relief (e.g., lower densities in mountainous areas) and proximity to major rivers for trade (e.g., London along the River Thames).

What impact has international migration had on the UK?

International migration has led to multiculturalism, higher birth rates, and a growth in the young adult population. However, it has increased pressure on public services and infrastructure, job competition and political tension.

What are some positive effects of migration in the UK?

Positive effects of migration include multiculturalism, availability of low-wage workers, increased tax revenue, and a boost in skilled workers supporting public services like the NHS.

What are some negative effects of migration in the UK?

Negative effects of migration include overcrowded cities, greater pressure on public services, language barriers, assimilation challenges, and discrimination and racism.

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