Health is the complete state of physical, mental and social well-being. However, we don’t just say that people are either healthy or unhealthy. The health of an individual falls on a spectrum, with some people being more or less healthy than others, in different ways.
There are many factors that affect the health of individuals, such as:
So, the less we practice or have these healthy habits, the unhealthier we become.
Diseases can be grouped into communicable diseases and non-communicable diseases.
Communicable diseases are caused by pathogens (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites), which can be passed from one person (or animal) to another. We often call these infectious diseases.
Some examples of communicable diseases are:
Non-communicable diseases are not caused by pathogens and they cannot be spread between different people. They also tend to be long-lasting, with some that never go away.
Some examples of non-communicable diseases are:
Sometimes, different types of diseases interact with each other. This can negatively impact an individual both physically and mentally, causing issues that might not seem related.
Below are some examples: